INCREASE YOUR HORSE POWER AND FUEL PRESSURE WITH YOUR P7100 CUMMINSÂ®
* OFV050HP Use with moderately modified CumminsÂ® diesels.
* Fuel pressure range of 37 to 45 PSI.
* Raises fuel pressure at full power.
From Tork Technology:
Do you experience low fuel pressure at wide open throttle (WOT) and just accept it as normal?
Anthony Reames, the technical manager at Air DogÂ®, asked us to solve the low fuel pressure problem with the famous P pump. CumminsÂ® owners report that the fuel pressure drops to as low as 15 PSI during full throttle runs. We jumped on this technical request because we thrive on a challenge. Solving problems is what Tork Teknology is all about.
The first thing we did is throw all assumptions out the window. We found that in most cases, they can be very misleading. Our slogan, that we live by, is "one good test is equal to a thousand expert opinions". This is how we attack a problem.
After installing an Air Dog IIÂ® DF165 on our DodgeÂ® CumminsÂ® '98 test truck, we routed the 1/2" feed line to an accurate flow meter and ran all the return fuel through an additional flow meter. The fuel pressure was monitored by a glycerine filled pressure gauge. The results (shown left) align exactly with proven hydraulic formulas. Fluid will flow a specified volume through an orifice at a specific pressure and specific gravity. Simply put, a fluid will flow more volume (gpm) as the pressure increases through the same size orifice.
You may have asked yourself why Air DogÂ® and FASSÂ® equipped trucks will show good fuel pressure at idle and cruise but the pressure drops at full throttle, to as low as 15 PSI. Take a look at the photo above. The flow meter indicates diesel fuel flow of 1.09 GPM. This is the volume of fuel flowing thru the inlet orifice at the base of the overflow valve. (see photo right) Actually it translates into 1.14 GPM (multiply number by 1.0495 correction factor) flowing into and out of the P7100 pump. That is the volume of fuel flowing back to the tank over the overflow valve. Yes, we tested the BoschÂ® and TorkTek valves both. If you are using one of the old BoschÂ® valves with the .168 inlet orifice, your fuel pressure will never allow you to win ANY competition events.
ELECTRIC PUMPS DO NOT WORK WELL WITH THE P PUMP
I'm not saying that the Air DogÂ® and FASSÂ® are not good pumps. Both are quality pumps. The problem is the orifice leakage is too large and bypasses too much fuel to tank. This leakage produces low fuel pressure at WOT.
We now know that the inlet orifice on a standard overflow valve will flow 1.14 GPM back to tank. This is how it lowers your fuel pressure and kills your diesel performance! If you run a 100 GPH (gallons per hour) pump, you are pumping 1.66 GPM. (100 GPH divided by 60 minutes/hour = 1.66 GPM) You are losing 69% of your pump volume thru the overflow valve. That's almost 75% of the fuel doing no work at all! Let's do the numbers for the DF165 which is rated at 2.75 GPM. If you lose 1.14 GPM to tank, 41% of your pumps capacity is LOST. Let's suppose you use the DF200 which flows 3.33 GPM. 34% of the pumps capacity is doing nothing for your performance 12V CumminsÂ®.
It's easy to see why CumminsÂ® P pump users are showing low fuel pressure at WOT. Too much diesel fuel is pumped through the overflow valve and back to tank. This translates into low HP and torque performance numbers. It could make the difference between winning or going home defeated.
Another problem that we uncovered was at a very specific pressure, the fuel flow over the overflow valve can be dead headed. This can be dangerous as the P pump needs fuel flow to help keep it cool. If you set the pump pressure regulator to slightly less than the OFV setting, fuel flow and pump cooling STOP. Also if you adjust the OFV by adjusting the shims, stretching the spring or adjust the Tork Tek overflow valve, the same problem can exist. The solution had to cure low fuel pressure and eliminate any possibility of stopping fuel flow over the valve.
WHAT ABOUT INJECTION PUMP COOLING?
We know from testing the CumminsÂ® fuel system, with the stock lift pump, that the fuel flow is .6 GPM max at 2200 RPM. The engineers at BoschÂ® spent a lot of R & D time to make sure the P pump stayed cool at the fuel flow the lift pump delivered. The BoschÂ® P7100 injection pump will run without problems for 300 to 500,000 miles or more! There are commercial trucks that have seen 1,000,000 miles with the P pump and stock lift pump.
The smallest of the four valves is the OFV070HP. This valve is for super modified, race only trucks. The orifice will flow .58 GPM at 40 PSI. So, even with the smallest of the valves, you will still have the same cooling capacity as a stock system.
THE NEW HP OVERLOW VALVE - A TESTED SOLUTION
How did we test for a solution? We machined 12 prototype overflow valves with replaceable orifices, similar to HolleyÂ® carb jets. The beta testers could now replace the jet with a smaller one to the point where the fuel pressure was acceptable at WOT. In other words, the fuel pressure remained constant from idle to full throttle. Each jet change and fuel pressure reading was documented on a chart. In addition, I made the same tests on our '98 DodgeÂ® CumminsÂ® 12V.
It became clear after the testing was complete, which sizes cured the problem. Each size created a fuel pressure range at WOT. We also discovered that a very small change in orifice size will make a dramatic change in fuel pressure.
FUEL PRESSURE MAKES HORSE POWER
To illustrate how fuel pressure can affect horse power and torque, one beta tester asked his brother to try the prototype valve on a dyno. The owner of Left Coast Diesel made a run with a standard OFV and then installed the prototype HP valve. The first thing he noticed was consistent fuel pressure across the RPM band. No other changes were made to the CumminsÂ® engine. He achieved a 27HP increase for 3 minutes worth of work. His power increased from 663HP to 690HP at 93 MPH. That 27 peak HP increase can be the difference between winning and losing.
This is what Chad had to say when he tried the new valve. "My truck for sure picked picked up power in the top end. It never really keeps spinning the tires when I open it up in overdrive at 70, but now they just spin to the point I let off because its still going sideways at 100mph".
Our original intention was to offer the valve as an overflow kit with 10 different jets, but the cost would be very EXPENSIVE at $150.00 each. We came up with a better product for MUCH less!
What fuel pressure should you be running? Here is a general rule to determine the fuel pressure you should be at. Multiply the governor spring rpm (in thousands) times 10. In other words, you want 10 PSI of fuel pressure per 1000 RPM of govenor speed. Stock to lightly modified trucks work very well at 30 PSI, at full power.
The OFV050HP has the second largest orifice for street use. This valve is for moderately modified street performance trucks using an AirDog or FASS pump. Your Bosch P7100 has a #5 to #8 torque plate with a good exhaust system. You installed larger injectors and upgraded the turbo. Your truck is a daily driver but you want more power for towing, competition, and off road. Horsepower will be in the 350 to 450 range. Yes it can be used for P pump conversions on the 24V Cummins. Fuel pressure is in the 37 to 45 PSI range, at full power. If you are using the original Air Dog pump, it is factory set at 30 PSI. If you want higher fuel pressure, you will have to install a 40 or 50 PSI spring. Air Dog II's have an adjustable pressure regulator and don't require the spring option.
Do not use the HP valve on a stock fuel system! The valve is intended for P pump trucks using a FASS, Air Dog or high volume, performance fuel pump only.